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All those strata of, say, sandstone, which was once loose sand compressed into solid rock over immense periods of time — how could that possibly happen over thousands instead of millions of years?Those strata are laid down every season, like tree-rings, he explained.Kiki earthquakes economics education environment ethics evolution fossils geology Ghost Hunting ghosts global warming God homeopathy intelligent design james randi journalism media medicine michael shermer morality nasa paleontology paranormal politics pseudoscience Psychics psychology religion science science denialism scope SETI Shermer skeptical history skepticism skeptoid Skeptologists TV ufo ufos vaccines video During the first week of February, 2009, on the occasion of Charles Darwin’s 200th birthday celebrations at various locals around England (including his birthplace city of Shrewsbury — see photo montage below), my hosts Andrew Kelly (a science writer who authored a gorgeous coffee-table book entitled Bush’s warmth and good cheer were appreciated on this blistering cold snowy day, one of the worst witnessed in the UK in decades. Bush made it clear to me that he did not to be confused with those “loonie American creationists” who think that the earth is only 6,000 years old. “Oh, I’ve worked it out to be around 100,000 years old, with Adam and Eve at around 21,000 years old.” No, indeed, there was no confusing Mr. And what was happening between those two time spans? Bush correctly, he believes that between the creation at 100,000 years ago and Adam and Eve 21,000 years ago, there was the pre-Adamite period during which the dinosaurs roamed.No, no, the Earth is much older than that, he proclaimed. What about all the geological evidence for a much older Earth, I pressed on?In beta-plus decay an energetic positron is created and emitted, along with a neutrino, and the nucleus transforms to a daughter, lower by one in atomic number and the same in mass number.

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It is, in essence, an attribute of individual atomic nuclei.” To which I rejoined: “yes, well, Darwinism explains that nicely, thank you.” If you want to read more about the Noah’s Ark Zoo Farm, go to: I haven’t any idea how influential Anthony Bush’s Noah’s Ark Zoo Farm is on the school children who are taken there on field trips, but I was most disturbed by the results of a survey just released there (the “Rescuing Darwin Survey” conducted by the polling agency Com Res on behalf of the Theos thinktank) that was given to me by my hosts to prepare me for my talk on evolution and creationism, indicating that half of British adults do not believe in evolution, with at least 22 percent preferring creationism or intelligent design as an explanation for how the world came about.In fact, according to this survey, only 25 percent of Britons said that they believe Darwin’s theory of evolution is “definitely true,” while another quarter reported that they think it is “probably true.” These results mirror those found in most surveys of American’s attitudes about evolution, although ours are slightly worse.Alpha or beta decay may simply proceed directly to the ground (lowest energy) state of the daughter nucleus without gamma emission, but the decay may also proceed wholly or partly to higher energy states (excited states) of the daughter.In the latter case, gamma emission may occur as the excited states transform to lower energy states of the same nucleus.

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